How to unit test Flows in Salesforce with Apex

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By performing unit tests you can ensure that your rules are error-free, functioning properly, and enforcing the intended business logic. This ultimately leads to a more robust and reliable code.

In Salesforce, a Flow is a powerful tool that allows you to automate business processes by visually designing and executing a series of actions, known as a Flow. It serves as a declarative way to build and automate complex business logic without writing custom code.

A Flow consists of multiple elements, such as screens, variables, decisions, loops, assignments, and more, which are used to define the behavior and functionality of the process. You can think of it as a sequence of steps that guide users or make automated decisions based on specified criteria.

Overall, Flows provide a flexible and intuitive way to automate business processes in Salesforce without writing code. They allow you to streamline workflows, guide users, make decisions, update records, and perform various other actions to achieve your desired automation goals.

Unit testing Flows in Salesforce with Apex is crucial for several reasons:

  1. Error prevention: Unit tests help identify errors or issues in Flows before they are deployed to a production environment. By catching and fixing errors early on, you can prevent potential data integrity issues and ensure the accuracy of your Flows.
  2. Increased confidence: Unit tests give you confidence that your Flows are working as intended. By systematically testing different scenarios, you can validate that the Flows are correctly processing data and executing the desired functionality.
  3. Regression testing: Unit tests act as a safety net when making changes to existing Flows. Whenever a change is made, these tests can be re-run to ensure that the modifications haven’t inadvertently broken any existing functionality.
  4. Documentation: Unit tests serve as living documentation that demonstrates and validates how your Flows should behave. They allow developers and administrators to understand the expected behavior of the Flows and ensure consistent behavior across different deployments or instances.
  5. Facilitates collaboration: Unit tests promote collaboration between developers and administrators by providing a clear understanding of the purpose and behavior of the Flows. This enables better communication and collaboration when discussing requirements or troubleshooting issues related to the Flows.

To unit test Flows in Salesforce using Apex, you can follow these steps:

  1. Identify the Flow you want to test: Determine the specific Flow you need to create unit tests for.
  2. Prepare test data: Create or gather test data that represents different scenarios within the Flow. This includes the input variables that the Flow relies on.
  3. Create an Apex test class: In Salesforce, create an Apex test class to test your Flow. The test class should be annotated with @isTest.
  4. Trigger the Flow by, for example, saving a record with some particular data. Make sure you wrap this section of the test with Test.startTest(); and Test.stopTest();
  5. Assert the outcome: Access the Flow’s output variables and assert that their values match the expected results. You can use Apex assertions such as System.assertEquals to compare expected and actual values.
  6. Run the test class: Execute the test class to run the unit tests for your Flow. You can run the tests using the Developer Console or Salesforce CLI.

It’s not recommended you test different scenarios in the same test. As a good practice, create one method for every scenario you want to test.

Unfortunately, until now you don’t have a way to know how well the Flow is covered so you won’t be able to know if you tested every scenario in the Flow.

By following these steps, you can effectively unit test Flows in Salesforce using Apex. This helps ensure that your Flows function as expected and handle different scenarios correctly.

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About the author

Andrés Canavesi
Andrés Canavesi

Software Engineer with 15+ experience in software development, specialized in Salesforce, Java and Node.js.

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